The construction process has an important role in the urbanization and renaissance of cities, and the development of industrial life in them, and it needs specific tools to carry out this task. Construction tools are the tools and equipment that are used to build bridges and various structures; Such as homes, hotels, educational places, animal pens, wheat silos, factories, and others.
The importance of construction tools
Choosing the right construction tools in terms of size and type has an important and effective role; It contributes to affecting the productivity of the project, the effort expended and the time required, and it is also necessary to enable the controller to exercise his powers, and to know the powers of the contractor at each stage and the extent of its impact on the project, and whether the contractor’s work conforms to the required specifications, in addition to its role in helping the controller to understand the problem and how solve it. Construction tools are very important to a project manager or construction planner; The manager must be familiar with the tools used in construction.
Manual construction tools
are build tools that are used manually (rather than mechanically), most notably:
Axe: A tool used for digging foundations and mixing and stirring raw materials.
The creek: It is a tool consisting of a long wooden stick attached at the bottom to a wide and flat piece of iron. It is used in mixing concrete materials, lifting dust and transporting materials during the excavation process.
Mouse: It is an axe-like tool consisting of a long metal or wooden stick attached at the bottom to a piece of iron.
Al-Banawi (hammer): A tool consisting of a pointed metal head attached to a short iron hand that ends with a wooden handle. It is used in the process of breaking bricks and wrapping the shape of stone.
Ruler (Spoon): It is a flat and small piece of iron attached to a small iron handle that ends with a wooden handle. Rulers are used to spread the concrete mixture between the bricks during construction, to plaster and smooth the walls, and to apply the white putty on the walls before applying the paint, as is the case with breaking the bricks. There are two types of rulers:
Round or oval trowels: These are the trowels that are used in paving mortar materials (concrete).
Square rulers: These are the rulers that are used for cleaning.
Embryo (chisel): It is a solid rod that is flattened on one side and sharp on the other, and is used to make holes in the walls to install scaffolding by hitting it with a chisel.
Garavan: It is a steel container used to transport mortar to the construction site.
Bucket: A bucket made of iron or copper used to raise water and transport it from one place to another.
The cart: It is a deep vessel mounted on a solid structure connected by two long handles with one wheel. The cart is used to transport special materials in construction from one place to another, such as transporting bricks, sand, gravel, and others. .
Roller Brush: It is a rotating brush attached to a light and long iron handle that ends with a wooden handle. It is used for painting ceilings and walls.
Angle: It is a metal tool in the form of an angle used to adjust the angles of the intersection of walls. It comes in several forms according to the type and size of the required angle, some of which are sharp, some are straight, and some are obtuse.
Tension adjusting thread: It is a long thread used to adjust the straightness of the walls.
Measuring tape: used to measure long distances not available in a regular ruler. The most notable forms of tape measure are: the metric tape in the box; Where the tape measure is inside a 5-meter plastic box, the longitudinal tape can be used by one person, and the tape measure for long distances; It is a tape measure made of steel or base materials, and its use requires the presence of two people.
Sieve: A filter-like device, usually made of iron or aluminum, used to sift building materials before mixing them.
Level: A rectangular device made of aluminium, plastic, wood or iron. Its function is to adjust the straightness of the horizontal and vertical walls.
Drill: It is a small electric motor on which a metal feather (of different sizes) is placed. The drill takes a hexagon-like shape, and is used for drilling and perforating walls, installing electrical boxes and laying wires, among other things
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